What is Diabetic Foot Care?
In India, diabetic foot care is the most ignored aspect of diabetes. The problem occurs when any people walk barefoot due to social, religious, or economic compulsions. Shens Hospital provides the best diabetic foot care in Chennai.
It is estimated that about 90% of diabetic patients in our country do not seek medical guidance in treating the feet, or they usually approach alternative medicine prescribers which highly worsens by a delay in getting it treated.
Diabetic foot ulcers are wounds which occur in the feet of an individual with diabetes mellitus. About 15% of all diabetics are prone to foot ulcers. This can highly prevent major complications which may lead to loss of the limb. Our best diabetic foot care hospital in Chennai can make the ulcers treatable and curable with appropriate medical attention.
Why Shens Hospital?
Shens Hospital is one of the best diabetic foot care hospitals in Chennai where the philosophy adopted here helps you to identify the wound at an initial stage by providing the best diabetic foot care therapy with cutting-edge technology to ensure that there is recurrence-free healing.
We are equipped with all the medical experts that include the diabetologist, plastic surgeon, orthopaedic surgeon, vascular surgeon, anaesthetists along with technicians and staff collaborate under one roof to provide a comprehensive care for the diabetic foot care.
At Shens Hospital, we follow a multidisciplinary approach for diabetic foot care with a wide spectrum of treating the simplest to the most complicated wounds which require microsurgical reconstruction.
Why is diabetic foot care important?
If you are prone to diabetes, damaged nerves, circulation problems, and infections, then you have to give complete care to your feet else it can lead to serious foot problems.
You can help prevent serious foot problems by following a best diabetic foot care regimen through the daily routines of adopting these few foot care habits for a complete diabetic foot care to maintain healthy feet. Some of them include:
- Check your feet and toes, by carefully looking in the tops, sides, heels, soles, and the area in between the toes. Contact your doctor immediately if you see any sores, blisters, cuts, redness, or bruises on your feet.
- You can use warm water with mild soap to wash your feet. Do not use hot water and harsh soaps because it can damage your skin. You can check the temperature of the water with your fingers or elbow before putting your feet in. If you have diabetes, it will be difficult to sense water temperature with your feet.
- 3.Moisturize your feet if you feel any dryness which can be a preventive measure for any further infections.
- Dry your feet well because infections tend to develop in the moist areas, so ensure to dry the area between your toes well.
- Aged above 40
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Difficulty to manage blood sugar level.
It’s is important to recognize early warning signs of foot problems that include:
- Burning, tingling, or painful feet
- Loss of sensation to sensory actions.
- Changes in shape or color of your feet
- Unexpected loss of hair on toes, feet, or lower legs
- Thickening and yellowing of the nails in toes
- Red spots, blisters, sores, ulcers, infected corns, or ingrown toenails
If you witness any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately. Delay would result in serious health complications.
Consulting the doctor
A doctor will examine your feet during every visit and do a thorough foot exam. If you have a past history of foot problems, you should inform the doctor and check it more often. Your health care provider will help you with all the questions related to the diabetic foot care.
If required, your doctor can recommend a podiatrist who specializes in diabetic foot care or assist you more information about special shoes that may help.
Remember: Diabetes-related foot problems can get worsened very quickly and may be difficult to treat, so it’s very important to seek prompt medical attention.
You should keep the following things in mind for a diabetic foot care
- Check your blood sugar levels frequently
- Maintain a healthy diet
- Be physically active
- Avoid smoking
- Choose shoes wisely
- Choose foot-friendly socks
- Take medicines on consulting a doctor.
Basic tips by the best diabetic foot care hospital in Chennai which will prove very useful:
- Detect the issues properly: The foremost precaution is to check the feet daily to detect any cuts, blisters, sores, rashes, calluses, redness, or any other issues. Do not hesitate to check properly between your toes.
- Make your feet spotless with warm water: Soaking feet in a lukewarm water should become a routine habit to keep them spotless and remove the bacteria. Do not keep your feet in the water for long and dry them immediately to avoid waterlogged sores or other infections.
- Keep your feet hydrated: In certain cases, due to the high level of glucose in the blood, the diabetic patients may suffer from cracked and dry skin. Try to apply an adequate quantity of moisturizer or lotion to prevent the dryness. Do not put lotion between the toenails.
- Wear comfortable footwear: Wear well-fitted shoes or slippers to avoid sores, blisters or other issues because even the slightest rub or misfit may cause blisters which would be very difficult to heal. Do not forget to wear free size socks or knee length stockings which is easy to use and also to avoid sharp objects which would hurt your feet.
- Avoid walking in barefoot: Walking in barefoot makes the diabetic patients more prone to injury and cuts which ultimately are every hard and slow to heal. It is always advisable to wear socks because the natural fabrics of the shoe like leather, rubber, etc may irritate your feet causing blisters. Do not forget to wear thick or cushiony socks.
- Trim your nails: If you do not care your feet by trimming the toenails it may lead to swelling or fungal infection. It is always advisable to maintain your nails by trimming it to prevent in-growth. Do not hesitate to use a lotion to make your cuticles soft after trimming the nails.
- Do not treat bunions, corns, calluses, hammertoes, etc. by yourself: A diabetic person is very exposed to have bunions, corns, calluses, hammertoes, etc. where if not treated properly it would cause severe infection and potentially intensify the problem. Do not take shower when the feet and cuticles cause more irritation. It is always advisable to consult a doctor if you face any such issues.
- Visit a podiatrist: If a diabetic patient has nerve pain or weak foot muscles, it is advisable to visit a podiatrist who guides them to wear orthotics to support the feet. Moreover, when walking is impossible or, too painful a foot brace or orthopaedic shoes becomes handier.
- Engage in non-impact exercises: Exercising is very essential to know to avoid causing pressure on feet to some extent. Whereas, non-impact exercises such as cycling, swimming, yoga, etc. can be easily practised without causing any damage to the feet. Do not perform exercises that leads to excessive sweating and try to use an antiperspirant on the soles of the feet frequently.
- Manage your diabetes: A critical tip for all diabetic patients to minimize the harmful impact on the feet is to manage their blood sugar levels. It is advisable to keep the blood glucose level under proper control. Do not avoid smoke, examine your foot periodically, and keep the feet warm and dry to avoid complications. It is very vital to clarify and discuss your problems with the doctor openly.
These are some of the precautionary tips given by the best diabetic foot care hospital in Chennai for a comprehensive diabetic foot care which can help significantly to avoid more complications.